Categories
Life Skills Technology

CONVERT HARVESTED BULK EMAILS INTO USABLE SPREADSHEET IN A FEW STEPS

Did someone send you a bulk email and foolishly leave all the recipients exposed? Do you want to grab those recipients and use for your own great purposes? Good news, it’s not so hard to do!

Here’s what you’ll need:

  • A text editor (gedit on ubuntu)
  • Spreadsheet software (Libre Office is the one I’ll use here since it’s both free and awesome)

1. Copy and paste the emails into a text editor

Grab the group of email addresses starting from right after the ‘to: ‘ but don’t actually include the ‘to:’. Copy this into your clipgboard.

2. Paste this to a fresh text editor window

3. Clean up the Paste

Make sure there is a trailing semi-colon after the last entry and no other gobbly gook before or after, other than just the names of the recipients and the actual email addresses. So like this stuff:

John Doe johndoe@johndoe.com; Jane Doe janedoe@janedoe.com;

4. Save file as a .csv file

Click ‘save as’ and give the file a handy name and make sure it has a trailing .csv as the file type

5. Go and open the file.

In my case it opens the file with LibreOffice – this is good. In your case…how could I know your case?

6. Select ‘semi-colon’ as the separation type

When Libre Office opens the file, uncheck comma, etc, and just leave the semi-colon because that’s what you’ve got.

7. Reformat the Orientation (optional)

After importing thus far, Libre Office seems to make the orientation horizontal putting one email address in each column and all the entries into a row spanning many horizontal columns which I didn’t like. I want to convert this to a vertical orientation with the entries spanning downwards across many rows.

Yippee yay. Someone alrady figured this out here

But in short, just do this:

  1. copy all your horizontal entries
  2. copy them to clipboard (control c)
  3. control + shift + V into the cell you want
  4. Paste (which does the ‘paste special’ command)
  5. Delete the original row you just copied from

Voila. Clean vertical list of harvested emails!

Hope that helps.

My Comments

My only improvement would be to add a script that pulls the name out and adds to the column on the right. I know thunderbird can do this when you right click and either ‘copy email address’ or ‘copy name and email address’. So it’s definitely possible to do this. In fact, how cool would that be if Thunderbird could just do all this in an add-on … hmm. Too bad I can’t program…

Categories
Freedom and Privacy Technology Tutorial yunohost

INSTALLING ROUNDCUBE 1.4 VERSION ON YUNOHOST

Thanks to the work of Brian we can now install the newest version of Roundcube on Yunohost.

Why is this so exciting?

  • Newer, fresher UI
  • PGP encryption Functionality with the enigma plugin
  • Mobile friendly skin

In short, it makes your self-hosted email awesome on a mobile too, regardless of whether you have an email app that works or not with PGP

Normally, if this app was an approved app in the Yunohost app list you would be able to simply search it and install it from the app list. Until then we have to install it by the command line but it’s not that scary at all so let’s begin.

Installing it

  1. ssh into your Yunohost box
  2. run this command to install it:
    sudo yunohost app install https://github.com/bhdouglass/roundcube_ynh/tree/testing

Configuring the Install

A bunch of questions will start. Here is how I answered mine but you can adjust as you like. Note, if you press the enter key it will choose the default option for quick installation. Critical step is choosing ‘yes’ when you are presented with the Enigma opion.

This first question is just a warning. You’re brave. Take that risk!

WARNING! Installing 3rd party applications may compromise the integrity and security of your system. You should > probably NOT install it unless you know what you are doing. Are you willing to take that risk? [Y/N] : y

This next step shows all the domains you have configured in your Yunohost box and will ask you which one you want this Roundcube to be associated with:

Available domains:
-domainone.com
-domaintwo.com

Choose a domain for Roundcube (default: domainone.com:

This next question lets you choose which URL folder you want for the mail. I changed mine from the default since I have other things running but you can leave default if you don’t have something already using ‘/webmail’:

Choose a path for Roundcube (default: /webmail): /pgpmail

I’m using Nextcloud calendar stuff so i don’t need CardDav stuff now but feel free to install it if you need it and want to use it:

Install CardDAV synchronization plugin? [yes | no] (default: no):

This is an important one if you plan to encrypt your emails!

Install Enigma messages encryption plugin? [yes | no] (default: no): yes

Testing it out

Once complete, you should now be able to go to ‘domainone.com/pgpmail’ (or whatever your options are) and hit the new Roundcube installation and log in with your Yunhohost email server settings. I recommend doing the following tests each time you get setup with something like this since desktop browser and mobile browser use different skins (sometimes) in Roundcube.

Before beginning, make sure that the public key of each email address has been sent/imported into each side of the email transaction. You can use the ‘import key’ feature in Roundcube’s desktop mode quite easily. At point of this tutorial I haven’t tried importing keys with Mobile browser, so I can’t confirm if that works or works well.

  • Send totally plain text test message from desktop browser to test email address
  • Send totally plain text test message from Mobile browser to test email address

All good? Now with public keys attached:

  • Send new email with just public key attached using Roundcube’s ‘attach public key’ feature – from Desktop browser
  • Send new email with just public key attached using Roundcube’s ‘attach public key’ feature – from Mobile browser

Still good? Now encrypt it!

  • Send new email fully encrypted using Roundcube’s ‘encrypt this email’ feature – from Desktop browser
  • Send new email with just public key attached using Roundcube’s ‘encrypt this email’ feature – from Mobile browser

Everything still good? You should be ‘in business’

Hope you enjoyed and found this useful.

Categories
Freedom and Privacy Technology Tutorial yunohost

HOW TO INSTALL NEW ROUNDCUBE VERSION ON SHARED HOST CPANEL WITH PGP KEYS WORKING

So, you want to not wait for RoundCube to release 1.4 to cpanel, or, you have Roundcube on your cpanel setup and for whatever reason the Enigma plugin that makes the PGP stuff work – isn’t working. Whatever your reason is, the solution is not insanely hard, but it took me about a week and a lot of hours to figure out how to get it going. Hopefully this will save you many hours that I lost! 🙂

Probably this page will work for future stuff too for future releases so I’ll leave the download pages more general.

Before we begin, quick thanks to everyone at Roundcube for really improving the look, feel and security of everything. Really nice upgrades in the UI for version 1.4 RC!

STEP ONE – DOWNLOAD

  1. Get your version (in this case 1.4-rc) from this Roundcube download page
  2. Download compressed Roundcube file to your computer
  3. Upload compressed Roundcube it via FTP (or whatever method you like)
  4. In your cpanel File Manager, Right click on the compressed Roundcube file and ‘extract’ – the file will decompress and extract the directory with the same name in the same directory where you clicked ‘extract’
  5. Locate the newly extracted file and rename to something you like. This will form part of the URL when you log into your email. If you leave it as is the URL will be too long and annoying so changing it to something like ‘mail’ or ’roundcube’ would be smart. Maybe don’t call it ‘webmail’ because most shared hosting uses that? Not sure, I didn’t test that but something more unique would probably be smart.
  6. go to the URL of your domain, with the new directory folder and add ‘installer’ at the end and this will start installer. You can read details on the Roundcube installation page and we are now at step ‘Configuring Roundcube’

Create your MYSQL database for Roundcube

You’ll need a database to make Roundcube work. Although this kind of stuff seems scary, it’s not that scary as long as you don’t delete stuff that’s already there that you don’t know about. In short, all you are gong to do is create a database, create a user for the database, and then glue the user to the database. That’s it.

Before you begin this part you should have some kind of password manager software setup, I think, so you can create strong passwords and not lose them. Otherwise, ‘do it the way you like’.

Here’s how:

  1. in your Cpanel home panel, go to ‘MYSQL Databases’
  2. in the top section, Create New Database, give your new database a decent name like ’roundcube_abc’ (no one sees this stuff, it’s just back end). You will note that it will automatically append something to the front. That will be part ofyour database name, not just the part you are typing in the field.
  3. Click ‘Create Database’ button
  4. Scroll down to the MYSQL Users section and in the ‘Add New User’ section at the top, create a new username with a strong password. You can use the password generator and then make sure to save it safely. You will note that it will automatically append something to the front. That will be part ofyour username name, not just the part you are typing in the field.
  5. Click ‘Create user’ button

Now you have both a database and a username. the last steps are to glue them together.

  1. Scroll down to ‘Add User to Database’
  2. From the ‘User’ dropdown, select the user you just created
  3. From the Database dropdown, select the database you just created above
  4. Click the ‘Add’ button

It will take you to another screen where it asks what permissions you want to give this user in this database. You will give it all permissions which should be the default (all boxes selected).

Confirm these changes.

Installing Roundcube

Really you should read this entire page and learn a bit as your setup might be different and it’s good to review the items they mention, although most or much of it is for people who have full access to their servers, not cpanel people.

Once you start the installation process, there really isn’t too much documentation on how to actually set it up. It will start a kind of ‘installation wizard’ but not a lot of help is there during the process. You’ll need to have the following items near you before you begin:

  • The email credentials that will be using Roundcube including: server names, type of email (ie. SMTP, IMAP), security protocol of each, ports for each. You can get all this from your email provider.
  • The database name, user name, and user name password for the MYSQL stuff you created above

Once all this is in hand simply walk through all the fields and do your best. The details of that part is out of scope of this tutorial but there is one vital point which you absolutely must seclect in order to use encryption and PGP and that is, in the plugin section you must select the Enigma plugin which will add all the functionality.

Again, be sure to install the the Enigma plugin.

Fixing the enigma_pgp_homedir not specified error

After installation is complete and everything appears working, if you were to go to the settings and to PGP keys you will be greeted with a warning that enigma_pgp_homedir is not specified, or, if you tried to simply put the path in there as if it were a full control server, it probably won’t work. At least that’s what happened to me and the purpose of this tutorial.

The solution to properly point Roundcube to a secure folder was pretty hard to figure out but now that it’s figured out should be pretty easy for you.

You should apparently not put your pgp key folder into the enigma plugin folder, or in the document root folder. Frankly I”m not skilled enough to know all the whys but I’ve learned to trust people smarter than I. So, I put the directory in the main directory of my domain where roundcube is. You can mirror this for simplicity and probably should. So, here go the steps:

  1. In cpanel File manager go to: public_html/yourdomain.com
  2. Create a folder for your keys. For this tutorial I’ll call it ‘keez’ but you can call it whatever you want. Make sure permissions are 0755 (they should be after you create it)
  3. In File manager, navigate to this location: /yourRoundCubeInstallationFolder//plugins/enigma/
  4. Locate the config.inc.php.dist file
  5. Touch it, right click on it, and rename and remove the ‘.dist’ from the end of the filename and save the change
  6. Touch the newly renamed file again and right click and ‘edit’. This will open the Cpanel text editor.
  7. It will give you a warning that by editing you can break everything, which of course we know, so, click edit again and reall stick it to the man!
  8. Scroll down in the code stuff until you see this section:

// REQUIRED! Keys directory for all users.
// Must be writeable by PHP process, and not in the web server document root
$config[‘enigma_pgp_homedir’] = null;

Now is the fun part. All you have to do is enter in the path that points to your keys folder that you created in step 2 above.

Mine now looks like this:

$config['enigma_pgp_homedir'] = realpath(__DIR__.'/..'.'/..'.'/..').'/keez';

As long as you put your keys folder in the main directory of your domain and named it ‘keez’ this line shoud work. If you have your folder somewhere else you’ll have to adjust accordingly. What I learned was each instance of '/..' moves up one level directory. So this command is saying ‘you will find the ‘keez’ folder by going up 3 levels from where you are now”.

Once you have adjusted this one line of code, click the ‘save changes’ button in your cpanel editor.

Go to your Roundcube email, go to ‘settings’ and go to ‘PGP Keys’ and you should now have working PGP functionality working in your Cpanel Roundcube, plus, you are running the new mobile-friendly version 1.4 now that all the paths are working.

I hope this helps!

Categories
Humour Technology

What Message Does Your Email Address Send About You?

I have come back to this awesome comic for nearly 10 years now.  I finally had to log it here because it’s worthy.

I will eventually expand this to other areas of tech, but for now enjoy this!

 

Categories
Life Skills Technology Tutorial Ubuntu

How to Back up and Move from One Email Server to Another

My goal:  Move my email safely from one email service provider to another (IMAP).

I was surprised that it wasn’t that easy to find a simple step by step tutorial out there to do this.  I hope this tutorial will help someone.  If your email account is old, this process may take quite a bit of time, so please allow a few hours or have a second computer to work on while the process is happening.

Pre-Migration Suggestions

-make sure no other inboxes on other machines are being used at this time (ie. mobiles, other computers)

-assumptions are that you have already using Thunderbird email client on your computer

-tutorials always work better if Ubuntu is your operating system

-if you have created local folders in Thunderbird (folders that reside on the computer itself and don’t sync with the email IMAP syncs) then note that these will not be affected but you should consider them in your back up procedures because they also will not be backed up

1. Create your new email service with new provider
This is pretty obvious, but just make sure it’s all set up and that it is an IMAP setup.  We will assume IMAP moving forward.  Make sure your user name and password are handy

2. Create a new email account in Thunderbird, name it ‘new email server’ (or something to distinguish it as new provider), and plug in the credentials as you set it up

Most good email service providers will have a dedicated tutorial about how to set up an email account with their company using Thunderbird.  If they don’t consider ditching them as a company because they are weird and probably useless and a recipe for future pain. If you can’t track it down, this one should get you going from the folks at Mozilla

HOW TO MANUALLY SET UP EMAIL ACCOUNT IN THUNDERBIRD

3. Make sure you subscribe to all IMAP folders on *both* old and new servers

QUICK TUTORIAL ABOUT HOW TO SUBSCRIBE TO IMAP FOLDERS IN THUNDERBIRD

4. Click through each IMAP folder (inbox, sent, drafts, etc) and make sure all items are downloaded to target machine in Thunderbird

If you use multiple machines with your email, you should do this to make sure that this machine is up to date with email sync (ie. make sure that all your email machines have connected to the internet and synced up email).  Once you click through each email folder you’ll see the status bar showing progress of items downloading if any.  You may choose not to transfer your trash over (it is trash after all) but it works same way as any other folder.  Once you’ve clicked through each IMAP folder on *old/current* email provider and activity is over, proceed to the next step.  Please note the updates may take time if this machine has not been updated recently or at all.

5.  Select all items in folder

Starting with the inbox IMAP folder, press ‘control A’ which will select all the email messages in the inbox folder.  They will be highlighted so you  know they are selected.

6. Right click and ‘move to’ all the items to new server

You will see the new, nicely named server and it’s inbox when you right click.  You won’t, however, see the sub directories  like spam, drafts, etc.  Once you touch it with your mouse, however, they will appear.  Drop the inbox items into the inbox IMAP directory of new server. Please note, again, this will take time because the new email server is uploading the emails.  In my case it was about 15 minutes to do about 5000 emails.

7. Repeat steps 4-6 for the rest of the IMAP directories

8. Turn off old email, Turn on new

Once all the transfers are done, what I did was just change the Thunderbird password settings in my account settings to something incorrect so that my old email could no longer connect to the email server.  Then I simply started using the new email inbox as per normal.  I just wanted to make sure everything was transferred correctly before I go back and wipe everything associated with the old email inbox/account.

And that’s it. You should now have the old email server on your computer which is essentially disabled and useless and the new email server properly working.  You’ll also need to copy over your email signatures and all that stuff to the new server as a reminder.

Also note that when you are sending emails, if you don’t delete the old email server, there is a possibility that Thunderbird will default sending from the old one and receiving so you’ll have emails not working and you’ll think it’s broken.  That’s why naming the account something obvious is important because you can update those on the fly through the dropdown ‘reply-to’ field (from).  It will give you your old server and new server in the option list.

I think that covers it.  Enjoy!

Categories
Humour Life Skills Technology

What does your Email say about you?

I love this post and I come back to it time and time again.  However, it is now both out of date and also needs further commenting.  First, though, go take a look and enjoy the original here:

COOL CARTOON THAT EXPLAINS HOW YOUR EMAIL REPRESENTS YOU

Here are my updates, and I’d love any extras or edits you could provide to make it better:

@hotmail

  • still sends out warnings about the latest email scams
  • is likely from China and thinks this is a way to be more north american, much like changing their name from Wong Wing-Luen to Wayne Wong or Hsien Yang Lee to Stanford Lee – except they missed the memo that fluffybunny2259111@hotmail.com might not land them the dream job…

@gmail

  • thinks that gmail is somehow more secure than hotmail
  • is in denial that google is an american spy agency with sociopathic tendencies
  • thinks that it’s totally ok for google to spy on their inbox and GPS location in exchange for such a great free email and creepy-accurate search engine
  • says ‘I don’t have anything to hide’ when someone explains the violation of their privacy
  • runs google stuff on their iphone just to be sure no one accuses them of being slave to just one task master
  • is surprised, even horrified about what google has seen of their private life, yet continues to use it
  • periodically watches CNN news
  • Godaddy is ‘alright with them’

@icloud

  • got an ipad for christmas from their kids or grandkids and since it ain’t broke why try to fix it?
  • forwards videos of pets doing funny things and historic ones of when things were better
  • think they are really becoming ‘techies’ and use the word ‘techie’ regularly

@outlook

  • think that real business people use Microsoft
  • teach business courses at the local college
  • run small book keeping businesses
  • pay lots of money for anti-virus software and buy a new computer (with Windows) when Windows slows it down
Categories
Faith Faith and Religion

Time to End the Weak Christianese

Something happened today.  I got an email from someone I know who in normal times doesn’t not freely speak of God or His word.  When in person it would be a rare occasion to talk about the riches of the Bible or what God is doing in our lives.  Then, randomly I got this well-meaning email forward from here which necessitated a ‘holy rant’:

* Hi Lord, it’s me.* *We are getting older and things are getting bad here.* * Gas prices are too high, no jobs, food and heating costs too high.* * I know some have taken you out of our schools, government, veteran’s funerals, and even* *Christmas. But Lord I’m asking you to come back* *and re-bless Canada. We really need you!* *There are more of us who want you than those who don’t!* * Thank You Lord,* *I Love you.* * ** * * “Life without God is like an unsharpened pencil – it has no point.”*

Let’s begin, shall we.  “Hi, Lord it’s me”????  Nice intro!  I can just imagine the omnipotent all-knowing Creator turning around and saying ‘Woah!  You really crept up on me there!  Whassup, kid?”

I have a strong hunch God knew it was you speaking…  but here is the actual copy and paste reply to the email:

Hi!

i don’t want to seem like a downer, but, these kind of messages show that the person doesn’t know the Jesus of the Bible:

1. Jesus was never in Christmas (refer to our age old chat). He was stuck onto a pagan holiday by people who liked the celebration of their days.

2. why should a god that people don’t care about be stuck in school? Should we force people to love Him? Jesus didn’t do that to me. He waited patiently for me, paved the way and then ran to me when I repented. I am partially on the seat on this topic but I lean much more content to separate the secular from the Holy. I don’t want my God mixed up in the ugliness of the thing they now call education. Thank God Jesus isn’t in that mess. The solution, by the way, is that so many people meet Jesus that everyone wants Bible study all day at school! Now that I can believe for!

3. government?? serious? When has Jesus ever been glorified in government? There have been believers in government. The Israel of the old testament was a different case and requires much time to expound on why, but since then and the resurrection of Jesus I can’t see how the truth of God’s word would be tolerated by a group of people who hate Him….

4. veterans? that’s a totally different topic. that brings up the mennonites and the other bible believers who decided that it’s not ok to kill people for their government anymore. but I’ll sit on the fence on this one. I also might take up arms against wicked men…

5. prices and monetary system:

a) God told us inflation would reach an epidemic level before his return in the book of Revelation:

6And I heard a voice from among the four living beings say, “A loaf of wheat bread or three loaves of barley will cost a day’s pay. And don’t waste the olive oil and wine.

b) he also said don’t worry about stuff in earth where rust and moth are going to destroy them anyways. He gives food to the birds and behold! I have a gut.

c) no jobs? I’ve got a good idea Start a business and make jobs. Problem solved. And that’s also in the Bible where Paul made tents to support his preaching addiction.

d) ‘there are more of us that want You than those who don’t’??? That’s totally, completely – FALSE. It always has been, and it always will be. Here is the scripture:

The Narrow Gate (Luke 13:22-30)

13Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and **many** there be which go in thereat: 14Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and **few** there be that find it.

FEW will ever meet Jesus and go to heaven.

MANY will walk down the nice comfy road of the five senses that leads to the fiery (and eternal) pit of hell.

I don’t doubt that this person is trying to love Jesus, but Jesus *is* the word of God. It’s because of mamby-pamby ‘christianese’ like these emails that people think that this is all the body of Christ has to offer our world:  A weak commentary on how bad the world is.

Great news! The world is the single best place I have ever set my feet and each day I awake I couldn’t think of another place or life I’d rather live. If they read the Bible they would quickly see the real Jesus and their hearts would melt within themselves (like what happened to my wife recentlY) and turn from their cold-hearted and wicked ways.

These *are* the last days. And even if they *aren’t* the last days, they could very well be *my* last days. By His grace i’M standing today and by his grace I breath.

a mighty fire has been kindled in my heart towards the Great God Jehovah and his son Jesus and my Comforter the Holy Spirit of God.

I will have not less than the real deal.

I will walk the narrow path.

End hard preaching.

Oh, by the way, I write this all in love. If it didn’t truly ignite something inside of me I wouldn’t have spent the time writing it. These kind of ‘christians’ are spreading a really lame gospel because they haven’t opened their Bibles. Thanks! This email cemented lots of cool stuff inside of me as well.

Categories
Business Freedom and Privacy Technology Tutorial

Why Setup and How to Setup PGP Encryption on Your Email

Preface

If you don’t have encryption on at least your email, you might as well send the information on a postcard for the world to see.  If you don’t like the idea of the content of your email being put onto a postcard then you need to set up PGP as today’s best solution.  Is it amazingly easy?  No.  Like anything it takes a little time to get started.  Is it worth it?  How do you feel when you wear a seat belt in a car versus when you don’t?  PGP is a seat belt for your privacy and I love the feeling of knowing that even if I accidentally send the email to the wrong person, only my intended PGP-enabled recipient can read it, not the whole world.  All lawyers, real estate agents, doctors, and such professions should honour their duty of privacy by using it immediately, or at least strongly recommending it to their clients/recipients.  But don’t wait for them to do the right thing when you can start right now for free.

Video how PGP works

Good video showing how PGP encryption works to secure your email data

Tutorial about how to set up your computer:

For more detailed information and original set up tutorial, click original source

Tutorial for desktop (Ubuntu comes with Thunderbird by default):

Tutorial for Webmail

Mobile PGP Solutions

Coming soon!

Categories
Freedom and Privacy Technology Tutorial Ubuntu

Getting Started with Retroshare on Ubuntu: The Secure Communications Hub

Retroshare is awesome.  It’s secure.  It’s simple (once you get rolling) and it’s highly useful.  I found getting the initial few friends in was a ‘little’ tricky without a familiarization tour so here is a video I made to help folks out.  I sent it to my mom so we’ll know how effective it is shortly, we hope…

 

Categories
Technology Ubuntu

How to Recover your Thunderbird Emails with Free and Open Source software

I wanted to post this post right away to make sure anyone in my boat knows there is help coming soon.  It took me almost a month to figure out how to do this so I hope you will save a month and even more important, a lot of pain and money.

The actual tutorial is coming as soon as I can finish it.  I’m trying to make it very easy so that more people can benefit but believe me it wasn’t easy.

Stay tuned and don’t hesitate to keep pushing me daily to get this blog done.

Here is the start of the blog post:

How to Recover your Thunderbird Emails from an erased hard drive Disaster

So, you’ve accidentally erased your hard drive and all your email is gone?  Perhaps you’ve already got all your photos back like I did by some simple forensics software but your emails are gone.  For some reason it seems that the forensics software (free ones) do everything except save your email.  I came across many paid pieces of software that claimed they could do it but I was convinced if open source and government level software could recover photos and PDFs that surely there was a way.  I was right, thank goodness.  I am creating this tutorial for you to follow and hopefully recover your email as well.

Before we begin, let’s take a quick look at what we need to accomplish:
1. Carve your emails out of your hard drive
2. Get those emails into an email client so you can actually read them (we’ll use the best – Thunderbird)
3. Sort the meat from the bones so that everything recovered is in an effective and searchable format.

What you need before you begin:

1. A gigantic external hard drive – at least twice as large as the total size of the drive you lost.  You should have one of these anyways to prevent this disaster from happening again in the future so it’s a good investment and much cheaper than what you would pay to have a professional recover your files (upwards of $2000.00)
2. A computer running Ubuntu 13.10.  This tutorial [insert tutorial} will help you
3. A basic understanding of Ubuntu 13.10 including how to find the terminal and how to open applications.  This tutorial will help you {insert tutorial}
4. The software Foremost installed on your computer via the terminal/command line.  This tutorial will help you {insert tutorial}

….stay tuned for more as I can…