Category: Tutorial

Pressure Sensitive Conveyor Labeler Troubleshooting: Backing Paper Snaps

There are many reasons why the paper backing of the labels might break I have discovered.  Here is my list (and I may edit this from time to time as I discover more ways label paper can break!):

Rips at the peeler plate in a nearly perfect line

  1. Plate angle is too harsh: try reducing the angle and making it more straight in line with the path right before it.  So it could be angled too far towards the conveyor so reduce that angle away from conveyor direction which should straighten the path and reduce the intensity right there at the edge of plate at moment of peelage
  2. Peeler plate is too sharp: the actual metal of the plate may not be filed smooth enough
  3. Tension issue has driven the label path up or down and the top or bottom of paper is catching on corner of peeler plate and ripping instantly after cut begins

Snaps at Rewind Drive or Before

  1. The label backing was die-cut too deeply by printers and areas of weakness in backing paper have appeared and the general tension of machine is ripping it.  There really isn’t much to be done, that I know of yet, other than try to reduce tension if you can without screwing up your label application
  2. The unwind assembly isn’t functioning properly, or the dancer arm is jamming somehow so the the rewind drive engine is pulling but the unwind assembly isn’t releasing the new labels so it snaps near the drive.
  3. The clutch/brake is too tight or seized: replace clutch or loosen tension (I guess).  This one seems to really affect everything so try to avoid this one unless you’ve tried everything else.

Other Snap Location?

I haven’t seen it snap anywhere else yet, but I’m sure anything is possible.  If you have some snap action somewhere else along the feed path be sure to let me know and we can share solutions here as notes for ourselves and others.

 

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How to Back up and Move from One Email Server to Another

My goal:  Move my email safely from one email service provider to another (IMAP).

I was surprised that it wasn’t that easy to find a simple step by step tutorial out there to do this.  I hope this tutorial will help someone.  If your email account is old, this process may take quite a bit of time, so please allow a few hours or have a second computer to work on while the process is happening.

Pre-Migration Suggestions

-make sure no other inboxes on other machines are being used at this time (ie. mobiles, other computers)

-assumptions are that you have already using Thunderbird email client on your computer

-tutorials always work better if Ubuntu is your operating system

-if you have created local folders in Thunderbird (folders that reside on the computer itself and don’t sync with the email IMAP syncs) then note that these will not be affected but you should consider them in your back up procedures because they also will not be backed up

1. Create your new email service with new provider
This is pretty obvious, but just make sure it’s all set up and that it is an IMAP setup.  We will assume IMAP moving forward.  Make sure your user name and password are handy

2. Create a new email account in Thunderbird, name it ‘new email server’ (or something to distinguish it as new provider), and plug in the credentials as you set it up

Most good email service providers will have a dedicated tutorial about how to set up an email account with their company using Thunderbird.  If they don’t consider ditching them as a company because they are weird and probably useless and a recipe for future pain. If you can’t track it down, this one should get you going from the folks at Mozilla

HOW TO MANUALLY SET UP EMAIL ACCOUNT IN THUNDERBIRD

3. Make sure you subscribe to all IMAP folders on *both* old and new servers

QUICK TUTORIAL ABOUT HOW TO SUBSCRIBE TO IMAP FOLDERS IN THUNDERBIRD

4. Click through each IMAP folder (inbox, sent, drafts, etc) and make sure all items are downloaded to target machine in Thunderbird

If you use multiple machines with your email, you should do this to make sure that this machine is up to date with email sync (ie. make sure that all your email machines have connected to the internet and synced up email).  Once you click through each email folder you’ll see the status bar showing progress of items downloading if any.  You may choose not to transfer your trash over (it is trash after all) but it works same way as any other folder.  Once you’ve clicked through each IMAP folder on *old/current* email provider and activity is over, proceed to the next step.  Please note the updates may take time if this machine has not been updated recently or at all.

5.  Select all items in folder

Starting with the inbox IMAP folder, press ‘control A’ which will select all the email messages in the inbox folder.  They will be highlighted so you  know they are selected.

6. Right click and ‘move to’ all the items to new server

You will see the new, nicely named server and it’s inbox when you right click.  You won’t, however, see the sub directories  like spam, drafts, etc.  Once you touch it with your mouse, however, they will appear.  Drop the inbox items into the inbox IMAP directory of new server. Please note, again, this will take time because the new email server is uploading the emails.  In my case it was about 15 minutes to do about 5000 emails.

7. Repeat steps 4-6 for the rest of the IMAP directories

8. Turn off old email, Turn on new

Once all the transfers are done, what I did was just change the Thunderbird password settings in my account settings to something incorrect so that my old email could no longer connect to the email server.  Then I simply started using the new email inbox as per normal.  I just wanted to make sure everything was transferred correctly before I go back and wipe everything associated with the old email inbox/account.

And that’s it. You should now have the old email server on your computer which is essentially disabled and useless and the new email server properly working.  You’ll also need to copy over your email signatures and all that stuff to the new server as a reminder.

Also note that when you are sending emails, if you don’t delete the old email server, there is a possibility that Thunderbird will default sending from the old one and receiving so you’ll have emails not working and you’ll think it’s broken.  That’s why naming the account something obvious is important because you can update those on the fly through the dropdown ‘reply-to’ field (from).  It will give you your old server and new server in the option list.

I think that covers it.  Enjoy!

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How to Make a Brother Printer and Scanner Work in Ubuntu

*THIS WILL UNDERGO SOME EDITS BETWEEN OCT 31st and Nov 4th, 2016.  If you can get some answers below, great, but hopefully next week it will be more clear and helpful to more models of printers.

*Make sure to read my edits below this before starting as some things have changed…

*many edits below!  don’t start till you’ve skimmed them all

*PRE-note: if you can buy HP it’s probably better for you.  If you like pain like me, or already have pain, read on.

For some reason Brother printers are kind of hard to make work in Ubuntu for me.  Especially the scanner part.  They claim to support ‘linux’ but it’s not typically plug in play for me.  However, they are ghetto cheap so I buy them and pay for the savings in set up pain.  Oh well.  But this time I’m wising up and I’m blogging this for myself (and mom) so that we can get it set up quicker when we do upgrades or machine changes.  The main issue always seems to be this:

  1. Install the drivers with the command line as per the ‘pretty decent’ generic software from Brother found here: LINK TO UBUNTU BROTHER PRINTER DRIVERS
  2. select ‘linux’select ‘Linux (deb’)’Choose ‘driver install tool’ if you can which gets both the printer and the scanner going.

    ‘Agree to the EULA and Download’

    save file.  it will go to your ‘downloads’ folder if you have not told your browser to download it somewhere else.  You will need to know this for the next part so take a moment after the download to confirm it downloaded and you know where it is.

  3. follow instructions that appear on brother site right after downloading drivers, but here they are as of today (make sure on their site it’s up to date and don’t fully trust mine).Step1. Download the tool.(linux-brprinter-installer-*.*.*-*.gz)The tool will be downloaded into the default “Download” directory.
    (The directory location varies depending on your Linux distribution.)
    e.g. /home/(LoginName)/Download

    Step2. Open a terminal window and go to the directory you downloaded the file to in the last step.

    Step3. Enter this command to extract the downloaded file:

    Command: gunzip linux-brprinter-installer-*.*.*-*.gz

    Step4. Get superuser authorization with the “su” command or “sudo su” command.

    Step5. Run the tool:

    Command: bash linux-brprinter-installer-*.*.*-* Brother machine name

    Step6. The driver installation will start. Follow the installation screen directions.
     

     When you see the message “Will you specify the DeviceURI ?”,

     For USB Users: Choose N(No)
     For Network Users: Choose Y(Yes) and DeviceURI.

    The install process may take some time. Please wait until it is complete.

  4. Do this:
    1. Open “/lib/udev/rules.d/40-libsane.rules” file with ‘sudo nano’ command
    2.  Add the following two lines to the end of the device list. (Before the line “# The following rule will disable …”):
    Copy to your computer memory this:
    # Brother scanners
    ATTRS{idVendor}==”04f9″, ENV{libsane_matched}=”yes”   <–Paste it in with the special ‘control+shift+v’ (don’t use just regular control+v) feature in terminal
  1. Reboot the machine (you can just type sudo reboot if you are still in terminal and want it done fast…)
  2. open simple scan software from dash and try a test scan

For me, without doing step #2 above the printer will usually work but not the scanner.

Which makes me wonder if there is really any Ubuntu support at all…

But my ghetto printer/scanner is doing its job so oh well.

Hope this helps!

 

——————————-

EDIT: May 30, 2016

So go figure. Based on my long history with Brother I didn’t even try the ‘plug and play’ approach with Ubuntu but I was pleasantly surprised this morning when I plugged in a different laptop to the network.  Here is what I did to nearly *instantly* connect the laptop to the printer (assuming you have already setup wifi option on printer):

  1. press super key and type ‘printer’
  2. add printer
  3. click my mouse on ‘network printer’ and wait (key is wait a few seconds)
  4. the brother printer (two options) showed up in the list.  I couldn’t see the IP address option one because my window was so small so expand the window. When I saw the one with IP address, I selected that one.
  5. do the next window and next, next whatever.  Test print? Yes.
  6. boom. I got paper.

Note: I had an issue with the printer working via wifi and then not the next day so stay tuned here as I battle this out.

Note 2: This method above *ALSO* worked for my USB plugged in computer (the one that is actually plugged into the printer with a wire.  I did not need to seem to run through all the command line stuff as long as I wait a few seconds for the printer to show up.  The print function now works and it was near instant and plug and play.  Let me know if you have similar success or some issues.

——————-

EDIT 2: May 30, 2016

Unlike the advice from the post I found step #2 on originally, the Brother website has more detailed instructions as follows and I may have pasted the Brother lines into the wrong part of the file:

Ubuntu 9.10, 10.04, 10.10, 11.4, 11.10, 12.04, 12.10
1. Open “/lib/udev/rules.d/40-libsane.rules” file.
2. Add the following two lines to the end of the device list. (Before the line “# The following rule will disable …”):
If there is “LABEL=”libsane_rules_end””, add the following 2 lines before “LABEL=”libsane_rules_end””.The lines to be added—————————

# Brother scanners
ATTRS{idVendor}=="04f9", ENV{libsane_matched}="yes"
 
3. Restart the OS.
—————————

EDIT 3: JUNE 1, 2016

My new advice is to first simply try to install the printer with the ubuntu printer +Add printer option.  If you just need to print it seems, after all, that you can just just click the ‘network printer’ thing on the left and if you wait a few seconds the Brother printer will just magically appear.  The key is to wait a few seconds as it doesn’t appear right away.  If you need to scan you need to do all the steps above and make sure the scanner drivers are installed (command line).  So, if you have a laptop in your home network, for example, that just needs to print, you can do this:

  1. make sure brother printer wifi settings are done and it’s connected
  2. go to ‘printer’ from dash
  3. add printer
  4. click ‘network printer’ on left
  5. wait <— key
  6. when printer appears, select it (the one with the IP address if multiple ones show up)
  7. continue install wizard
  8. do test print

This worked for me.

I tried the same method of install for the scanner – USB plugged computer, and it worked, *except* that the *colour* scanning didn’t work.  So, if you only ever need B&W scanning and simple printing, you could also do the same method above with the native Ubuntu generic drivers and it should work like it did for me.  However, I needed colour scanning so I had to go back to my tutorial above, do all the command line things, and then boom. Colour started working following OS reboot.

Hope this helps.

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How to Back Up SuiteCRM using Ubuntu

I discovered SuiteCRM by means of searching through my web host’s cpanel softaculous thing – that thing that allows one click installs of ‘apps’ for your server.  Over time, I became a heavy believer in and user of SuiteCRM.  Eventually, I installed an instance for my company on my shared host and the company started using it more and more. Finally, today, I realized that I better figure out how to back this bad boy up.  I thought it would be as simple as going to the SuiteCRM documentation, but I guess I’m not smart enough for that.  I also tried the SuiteCRM user guides which, for everything else, are very excellent.  However, couldn’t seem to figure it out there, either.  There is also this ‘backup feature’ in the Admin area which also I couldn’t figure out on my own or by searching.  I even posted this post in the forum and it seems as though I had asked a question that was too easy for anyone to answer.

I’m just a standard, shared host, cpanel user, not a database guy or even web host guy, although I’ve got a small server running at home.  How is it that I cannot figure out how to do a simple back up of SuiteCRM so that I can protect it as well as move it from host to host should I choose?   So, with all that background, I will now begin to find the answer and document it here for my future benefit and hopefully help a few others along the way.

What I have learned from reading most stuff online is that If I want to be sure something like SuiteCRM is backed up safely I have to do the following two things:

  • backup the SuiteCRM folder/directories/files
  • back up the mysql database

Sounds easy except that when I went into cpanel, there was no ‘download’ button to get all my directory stuff!  Although I’m shocked that there doesn’t seem to be a web-based download button, I also assume there must be a  security reason for that so I won’t kick up a storm. I now assume that I have to do it the old FTP client way.  So, I will now perform the following two steps in an attempt to download the directory parts of SuiteCRM:

  • create an FTP account from the home page area of cpanel so that I can login with FTP client and
  • download and install Filezilla on my computer

I went to the Ubuntu software centre and downloaded Filezilla successfully.

I entered in my credentials.  It turns out that I did not have to create a new FTP user since my main cpanel login credentials/passwords worked perfectly to get in.  However, if this is for someone else to login, obviously you’ll want to create a new FTP user/password for them and restrict them to the areas they are permitted to go.

Since my website wasn’t the ‘main’ website of my shared hosting, I had to go into the ‘public_html’ directory to find my SuiteCRM directory.  Found it!

I learned the hard way that I must *first* choose the local machine directory to where the files must be downloaded.  The first time I didn’t specify so it started running errors for five minutes while I sat there and drooled on my desk.  Once I figured it out, I cancelled, started again by stating the local directory (in fact, I created a new directory just in case and to help me remember where it was) and then right clicked on the ‘remote server’ folder (my SuiteCRM install folder) and clicked ‘download’ and now everything appears to be downloading successfully to my machine.

The next step will be the second step which is to download/backup the mysql database…  Of course, I’ve never done this so I am going to find this tutorial by Siteground which looks pretty solid.  Siteground (whoever they are) seem pretty cool, by the way and has killer SEO results with Duck Duck Go.  Let’s see if this tutorial works.  You will probably have lots of time to study this tutorial if your FTP download is as big as mine.  My SuiteCRM has nearly 10,000 files to download.  It appears also, that this tutorial will show how to restore this mysql database for the next part of this tutorial which I’ll probably have to write for myself…  In this tutorial, the only thing that seems ‘unknown’ to me is the ‘drop table’ option.  Good thing I didn’t choose this option, I believe, because this tutorial shows that ‘drop table’ means to delete tables.  I am quite certain that I will want to *keep* all the tables in this database so that I can import the database perfectly into the server to match the SuiteCRM stuff…. but I don’t know anything so we’ll see as we move forward 🙁

The above tutorial was good except that they claimed there was an ‘add drop table’ option in their screenshot example but it wasn’t there.  They also didn’t mention that you have to choose ‘custom’ instead of ‘quick’ in order to view those options.  And it turns out that the ‘add drop table’ option is just a recommended feature to add in while exporting which I chose to do.  Otherwise, click ‘go’ and it worked. I have an .sql file on my hard drive now.

I think I’ve now backed everything up, but now I have to try to move it onto another server to test it out.  Hopefully I will have a link to that tutorial soon but for now, stand by.

 

 

 

 

 

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Making Your Word Press Site Secure with SSL for Free

Well, it has been quite a journey of learning and it has been quite good. Green Geeks, a big American website hosting company upset myself and a few other customers about their unwillingness to support the latest and best free and open encryption service, Let’s Encrypt.  They wanted to sell their SSL certificates instead.  The mentality is quite different from this hosting company that we found called Siteground who looks at the big picture.  Let me think for a second.  I’m a customer.  I want to choose my hosting company.  One company says ‘come over here and we’ll let you do your own certificates or we’ll sell you one” or company B says ‘We will sell you one and it’s our way or the highway.”  Which one will I choose?  Green Geeks needs to wake up and smell the coffee.

Anyway, Green Geeks forced me to figure it out by myself but it’s working. I got SSL installed on all my domains at Green Geeks.  You can read my tutorial about how to do that here.

HOW TO SET UP SSL ON CPANEL BY YOURSELF WHEN THE HOSTING COMPANY IS TOO SHORT-SIGHTED TO HELP YOU

Now that you have your SSL stuff installed you probably are like me and have a bunch of Word Press sites.  What you will find is you will probably get warnings that look like triangles, exclamation marks, etc, etc.

First, your best resource that I found through this process is this website where you can type in your domain and it will spit back the cause of your no-padlock SSL certificate problem.

WEBSITE TO TEST FIGURE OUT WHY NO SSL PADLOCK

Next, you’ll probably find this blog very educational and might help you decide a course of action that is slightly different from my decision to ‘just fix it quick’.  For me, my blogs weren’t highly important (like this one) so experimenting didn’t bother me.

GREAT WEBSITE TO LEARN ABOUT WHY MIXED SSL CONTENT WARNINGS COME AND WHAT TO DO ABOUT THEM

Now, without further adieu, here is the ‘quick fix solution’ to the ‘no padlock error in a Word Press website. Just install this plugin and, if it doesn’t fix by default, change the setting to match mine in the screen shot below.

GREAT PLUG-IN TO FIX ALL YOUR MIXED CONTENT SECURITY WARNINGS

WP-SSL-Insecure-Content-Fixer-Settings

Bonus Feature! Force your Word Press Site to Use HTTPS

Now that you’ve gone to the trouble of making SSL work and then fixing all the errors, why not force all traffic to run via HTTPS so your site is hyper secure?  It’s easy with this this plugin.  Just… well. Plug it in.  And done.

GREAT WORD PRESS PLUG-IN TO FORCE ALL TRAFFIC TO HTTPS

Hopefully everything here works smoothly for you as it did for me.  You’ll note my success since I did this tutorial to this blog! 😉

 

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How to Do Let’s Encrypt in Cpanel with Shared Hosting

Did Green Geeks (www.greengeeks.com) not want to help you get Let’s Encrypt working in your Cpanel even though it works in cpanel?  You aren’t alone.  But we can take matter into our own hands, you know.

The tutorial I’m going to share is awesome. It’s pretty much what I based everything on and of course my experience of just making my own self signed SSL to do the same thing but more home-brew.

TUTORIAL/HOW-TO TO MAKE LET’S ENCRYPT WORK IN CPANEL

His tutorial is great if you’ve worked on servers or command lines for a while, but I wasn’t so smart.  Hopefully my notes will help the less fluent folk accomplish freedom too.

Let me just give a few side notes to help someone as they do this:

Before beginning, in your terminal, you will need to:

sudo apt-get install git

  • steps 6 and 7 – Cpanel help –  Note before beginning! At no point should you ever, ever, press enter on your keyboard while in the terminal because it will force you right back to square one and you’ll have to delete all this great work you are about to do:
    • go to file manager
    • go to public_html directory and click it
    • click ‘create folder‘ with the + icon
    • type ‘.well-known’ (no apostrophes) into the field that says ‘new folder name’
    • in top right settings of your control panel hit the cogwheel and click ‘show hidden files’ or you will not see the .well-known folder you just made
    • go into the .well-known directory and create another directory called ‘acme-challenge‘ and click ‘create new folder’
    • now go inside the ‘acme-challenge’ folder and click the +file button. you will get the file name from your terminal by selecting everything after ‘acme-challenge’ and then using control+shift+C to grab it to clipboard as per this screenshot
    • copy-paste-random-file-name-2
    •  paste it into the file name with control V and ‘create new file’
    • now go back to terminal and grab the next bunch of random strings and copy it to clipboard as you are learning so well to do, young champion as per this screenshot:
    • copy-paste-file-content-from-term-2
    • highlight your newly created pile of randomness in cpanel
    • click the ‘edit’ button top right ish area of the screen and it will give you some warning and you will say ‘uh huh yep’ and click ‘edit’
    • you will now control V paste that bad boy into your file (just into the big white space) and click ‘save changes’ and should see ‘success!” because you deserve success by now, my little cherry cake.
    • click ‘close’.
    • Now you will have to do it again. The tutorial doesn’t say why but I figured it out, by golly.  It’s because you had domain.com and www.domain.com so you have to do two verifications.  If you had a bunch of subdomains, you’d have to do these steps for all of them as well, FYI.  Also, there is no mention about what to do with these random files sitting in these directories in cpanel.  You can delete them after the verification is done.
    • now go back to his original tutorial and start at step 8
    • Note!  The coolest part about this experience is when you get this message at the end: ‘Self-Verify of Challenge Failed”  – so you are like ‘NOOO!” and then what comes a few seconds later in the terminal?  This message:  “Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at…” which is actually the truth.  And then you are like ‘YAAAAH!!’ So much drama!  So many victory cries!
  • step 9 isn’t as easy as the author lets on.  It’s also a mystery to my why I cannot have permissions with sudo to do this in the command line but it gives permission denied.  I didn’t know there was a permission higher than sudo but….

sudo nautilus yes, but then where?  this screenshot should help

sudo-nautilus-to-etc

Note also typing the first letter of the folder you are searching for will speed things up, like in ‘L’ for ‘letsencrypt’ in the next level 😉

  • Step 11 isn’t easy either as he doesn’t explain how to open with ‘gedit’.  Just right click on the .pem files, then go to ‘open with other applications’ and then ‘show other applications’ and then start typing ‘gedit’ and it should show right up

Now here is the *critical awesomeness* that took 7 hours of my life to learn.  I will never get these hours back so I hope that you will take all the money I didn’t save by spending all the time and get it back out of GreenGeeks who refused to support Let’s Encrypt when at least myself and a few people I referred to Green Geeks asked them if they would help.  This, by the way, was the response we got:

greengeeks

No, you don’t support them.  But because you didn’t support me, I now support them with this blog post.  And for just 5 years of free hosting with the best plan they have, I might be convinced to remove this truth so fewer of your customers find out that they can work around your antics….

Let’s get started taking away those $20 purchases from the Geeks which are Green, shall we, or any of your hosting companies who don’t want to move into the future shall we?

How to Get a Free SSL Cert Working on your Green Geeks Hosting Plan on all your domains with Cpanel

You can create a let’s encrypt certificate for *all* of your shared domains.

Where I lost all my time was where to put the .well-known/acme-challenge in the subdomains and the whole time it was super easy.  You just click in, open the main directory under file manager and create the directories right there at the top level.  That’s it.

Then you go back and create certs for each domain and pop them in by repeating this tutorial.  One for the www and one without.

Done! Now let’s encrypt.

 

 

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How to Make Self Signed SSL Certificate Work in CPanel

Tutorial Assumptions

  • you have a website domain
  • you have shared hosting using cPanel
  • you are using a computer running Ubuntu

This isn’t a perfect solution if you have a public facing website, but if you have a private website for yourself, your friends, your business, etc, this will be ‘better than nothing’ and at least give you encryption for your traffic.

Most hosting companies probably sell ‘real’ SSL certificates which cost a certain amount per year.  This may make sense if you don’t have time to figure it out, or you don’t have root control of your server, or if your server happens to suck and not be ubuntu.  If these things happen, you should consider a hosting change ASAP because someone else is controlling your website.

In my case, I’m financially challenged right now and I have a couple of personal domains I want to secure.  Note that I have not yet, as of the date of posting this, figured out what to do for W.O.T.  It is still showing ‘not secure’ because it’s not https but I don’t want to use a self-signed certificate because it will scare away most visitors before they start reading.

The best looking solution moving forward, by the way, and I’m trying to plan all my future sites around it is Let’s Encrypt which is supported by some major players but also playing ball with the EFF it looks like.  However, if you don’t have control over your terminal on your server and cannot issue commands, I’m not sure that it will work. I’m still investigating.

This tutorial is using Greengeeks cheap shared hosting out of the USA.  I remember having to contacts tech support to making this option available in cpanel so you might have to as well

Download and Install OpenSSL on your Ubuntu machine

I assume it would be this command although it has been a while. might have to search it out if this doesn’t work:

sudo apt-get install openssl

Navigate to a Nice Place with your Terminal and Create a Directory Where Your Certificates will be Stored

I gave these a file name of domain-name-ssl-certs, and I did it in my home directory for speed and ease

sudo mkdir domain-name-ssl-certs

Run the Command to Generate the Certificates

You will need to swap out the directory path in this command to the one that matches where you just created the above directory

sudo openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 365 -newkey rsa:2048 -keyout /directory/directory/domain-name-ssl-certs/apache.key -out /directory/directory/domain-name-ssl-certs/apache.crt

It will  ask you to fill out stuff and the most important is this one which links it to your actual domain:

Common Name (e.g. server FQDN or YOUR name) []:example.com

Go to Cpanel back end and prepare to paste in some stuff where it should go

If you don’t see the stuff I’m talking about in this section it may be because your hosting company doesn’t want you to know you can do this because they want to sell you a $20 to $50/year ‘real certificate’.  But if you are doing home-based stuff you need not spend.  Make them make this function work or move to a company who will.

In my cpanel it’s under ‘security’ and ‘SSL/TLS’.  Click that.

Install and Manage SSL for your site (HTTPS)

Go back to your terminal and open those .key and .crt files with a text editor like nano or gedit

sudo nano apache.crt

Select all the text after the — of ‘begin cert’ and before the — of ‘end certificate’ as follows.

cert-copy-paste

with the control and shift button down hit the ‘c’ button to copy it to the clipboard memory.

Go back to your cPanel and paste it in the certificate field. If you get a warning that it doesn’t match yoru domain it’s because you didn’t enter the domain correctly while you were creating the certificate in the ‘Common name’ step above that I warned you about.  You should see everything as below except the red warning:

cpanel-warning

Go back and Open your Private Key that you generated and Copy/Paste it into your Cpanel

sudo nano apache.key

copy-apache-private-key

control+shift+C it into this window in cPanel

cpanel-private-key-paste

Click ‘install’ and you should be good to go.

Of course you will always get the ‘this website is dangerous’ warning the first time you visit it but whatever.

Hope that helps.  Now to try the same method with ‘let’s encrypt’ and hopefully get rid of the ‘dangerous’ warnings, too!

 

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How to Remove or Delete the Tone for Repeater Use in Baofeng UV-5R

This is part of a series of posts that hopefully will save people a bunch of time.

How to Delete or Remove the Tone for Repeater Use in Baofeng UV-5R

Important note: if you wait more than 9 seconds between any step below it will automatically go back to home screen and you have to start again, so work those fingers, baby!

  1. Press Menu button
  2. Press 13 on keypad (T-CTCS).  This will bring you to the section of menu where you can edit the tone frequency which will get you into repeaters.
  3. Press menu button again.  This means “I am now editing this part of the menu”. You’ll see a little arrow appear if you have options to see by using the arrow keys.  In this case, a menu will appear because you can toggle between all the tone options.
  4. Toggle with up/down arrows to the setting you want. You can either press the button repeatedly, or press and hold which will turbo-speed you through the frequencies, but what you need to do is get to  *one step above 254HZ* or *one step below 67HZ* which will show the ‘OFF” option.
  5. Press Menu again. This means “I am now saving the settings I edited in step 4. If the voice audio is on you will hear ‘confirm’ which means victory
  6. Press ‘exit’ to get back to the home screen or just wait the 9 seconds or more and it will go there for you automatically

Note for this setting: You will *not* see any indication on your home screen that you have no tone on until you transmit.  When you transmit you will *NOT* see CT lettering appear which means you successfully deleted/removed the tone.

Done! You’ve got rid your tone thingy.

Go to this page for more tutorials as I write them:

RANDOM BAOFENG UV-5R TUTORIALS

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How to Set the Tone for Repeater Use in Baofeng UV-5R

This is part of a series of posts that hopefully will save people a bunch of time.

How to Set the Tone for Repeater Use in Baofeng UV-5R

Important note: if you wait more than 9 seconds between any step below it will automatically go back to home screen and you have to start again, so work those fingers, baby!

  1. Press Menu button
  2. Press 13 on keypad (T-CTCS).  This will bring you to the section of menu where you can edit the tone frequency which will get you into repeaters.
  3. Press menu button again.  This means “I am now editing this part of the menu”. You’ll see a little arrow appear if you have options to see by using the arrow keys.  In this case, a menu will appear because you can toggle between all the tone options.
  4. Toggle with up/down arrows to the setting you want. You can either press the button repeatedly, or press and hold which will turbo-speed you through the frequencies.
  5. Press Menu again. This means “I am now saving the settings I edited in step 4. If the voice audio is on you will hear ‘confirm’ which means victory
  6. Press ‘exit’ to get back to the home screen or just wait the 9 seconds or more and it will go there for you automatically

Note for this setting: You will *not* see any indication on your home screen that you have a tone on until you transmit.  When you transmit you will then see a CT lettering appear which means you got the tone saved successfully.

Done! You’ve got your tone thingy all set.

Now, you need my tutorial page below to figure out how to remove that little gaffer because it ain’t that simple!

Go to this page for more tutorials as I write them:

RANDOM BAOFENG UV-5R TUTORIALS

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